11 reasons dry skin on the face
dry skin on the face – In winter I constantly lure my legs, arms and face. It’s as if my skin absorbs moisture immediately and I have to reapply before I know it. Advertisements of women who layer themselves in the latest cream and then touch their flawless smooth skin suggest that moisturizer is the answer to dry winter skin. But here is the thing: “Moisturizer” is a kind of misnomer. Moisturizers give the skin a little moisture, but its main purpose is to dampen the moisture. So while finding the right products is a big part of the formula, promoting skin hydration – and cutting out habits that dehydrate your skin – are the true backbone of a skincare program that can really help your dry, toned, itchy skin.
We have asked top dermatologists to forever reveal the top 11 dry skin offenders and the solutions for cracking and dandruff.
1. You wash too often.
dry skin on the face – over-cleansing is the main reason for super dry skin. “The skin has a natural barrier of oil, water and something called ‘natural moisturizing factors’,” says Lily Talakoub, MD, dermatologist at McLean Dermatology and Skincare Center, SELF. “When we wash our skin with a cleanser, soap or body wash, it strips off all good skin moisturizers.” Therefore, she recommends her patients to pay attention to dry skin, oil based cleansers and recommends them only to wash her face at night before going to bed. “In the morning, rinsing under the shower is enough – detergents should not be reapplied.”
2. Your water is too hot.
dry skin on the face – I love a long hot shower, but unfortunately my skin can not handle the heat. You know how even washing with water can hurt your natural barrier? Well, the hotter the water, the better it is. “Excessive exposure to hot water can strip the skin of essential oils, causing irritation and inflammation,” says Joshua Zeichner, MD, head of cosmetic and clinical research in dermatology at Mount Sinai Medical Center. “The water in your shower should be the temperature of what you would imagine a heated pool – about 84 degrees F.” He also recommends keeping the showers short – for a maximum of 10 minutes – and dabbing the skin instead of rubbing it to avoid stripping the skin any more.
3. You use a cleanser that interferes with the natural pH of your skin.
dry skin on the face – When it comes to pH, you have acid at the bottom and alkaline at the other (a pH of 7 is neural). Of course, our skin is slightly acidic. This acid is one of the ways our skin is protected from bacteria and other environmental factors. Conventional soaps (think old soaps soaps) have an alkaline pH that can disrupt the outer skin layer. It is better to use a cleaner whose pH is adjusted to the slightly acidic pH of the skin, says Zeichner. Another possibility is to find a detergent with surfactants that effectively remove dirt without damaging the outer skin layer. Draftsman recommends that contains polymers that prevent the detergent penetrates into the skin and irritates.
4. You exfoliate more than necessary.
Dry Skin on the Face – Exfoliation is undoubtedly an important step in your skin care routine, but you can overdo it. Experts recommend keeping it at most twice a week and even less than dry skin. “When you exfoliate, it’s important to replenish the lost oils and moisture from your skin,” says Talakoub. Choose a moisturizer that is more oil than water. You can apply it directly to your daily moisturizer to seal moisture.
5. You need a thicker moisturizer.
dry skin on the face – Just as you swap your crop tops and shorts for leggings and pullover sweaters when autumn comes around a corner, it’s important to change your skincare as the season changes. In winter there is less moisture in the air, which causes the water in your skin to evaporate faster than in the humid summer months. This means that you are more likely to peel off, tear and peel off. Therefore, Jerome Garden, M.D., director of the Physicians Laser and Dermatology Institute in Chicago, recommends switching your light lotions and moisturizers to a thicker ointment or cream containing higher amounts of oils in winter. Also look for products containing ceramides, cholesterol and fatty acids.
6. You apply your moisturizer at the wrong time.
Dry Skin on the Face – In addition to choosing the right moisturizer, you also want to make sure that you apply it properly to prevent dry skin. Applying your moisturizer when your skin is still moist is the best way to ensure that it completely absorbs. “After showering, dab your skin dry with a towel and then apply the moisturizer that stores this moisture,” he says. Do the same every time you wash your hands during the day. If you wait until your skin is completely dry (say, more than five minutes after washing), you have missed the snap-in window.
7. You do not drink enough.
dry skin on the face – It might sound too easy to be true, but where exactly did you think your skin would get the water it needs to stay hydrated? “Proper hydration with water is important for the fluid to flow efficiently through the capillaries,” says Engelman. “It’s easier to get dehydrated if we do not make it a priority or if it’s cold outside and the water evaporates faster.” In addition to water on the skin, a diet high in many healthy fats can help to increase the moisture capacity of the skin. You can get omega-3 and omega-6 oils from foods like salmon, flaxseed and algae oil. “They keep the membrane healthy around every skin cell to hold moisture in the skin,” says Engelman.
8. You take certain medications that can dry your skin out.
dry skin on the face – Many medications – both over the counter and prescription – have the side effect of dry skin. “Some medications dry your skin as part of its effects, like acne medications like benzoyl peroxide or retinoids, but other medicines used for high blood pressure can also dry your skin,” says Garden. Chemotherapy, for example, can do a serious number on your skin (and nails and hair). Not sure about a particular medication you took? Run it by your doctor and ask for a recommendation for the treatment of this potential side effect.
9. You fight a skin or other health problems.
dry skin on the face – eczema and psoriasis are skin conditions that can lead to super-dry skin. In addition, other diseases such as thyroid disease and diabetes are known to dry out the skin. It is important to work with a doctor to treat the underlying cause of the dryness. In these cases, it is important to use moisturizers specifically designed for sensitive skin, as certain ingredients such as glycolic acid, salicylic acid and retinol are known to cause relapses.
10. It’s genetic (womp, womp).
dry skin on the face – Some people are only born with genetically dry skin, making them more susceptible to dandruff than the average person. “Scientists have found many mutations in essential proteins that play a role in the formation of the skin barrier,” explains Garden. “These mutations leave people with naturally dry skin.” For people who have these hereditary predispositions, he recommends using a heavy moisturizer with ceramides, a moisturizing protein that is easily lost in the skin of these patients.
11. They do not wear gloves in cold weather.
dry skin on the face – We do not try to be your mother here, but you should really get used to wearing gloves when you go outside. Not because the cold makes you sick (it does not), but because the cold air makes dry skin worse. Engelman says, “The face and hands can be easily prone to dryness because they are usually not covered, unlike the rest of the body.” Even worse, dry skin is more likely to crack, which can be uncomfortable and cause bleeding. Cuts are invitations to infection). Keeping the skin supple with a good hydration regime make it less likely to crack. Engelman recommends paying special attention to those parts of the body that are more exposed and often reapply.
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