What is dry skin?
Often, dry skin is not a serious problem, but sometimes it could be hard to treat. In addition, it may be correlated with other skin problems or associated with pathological conditions such as hypothyroidism, diabetes, malnutrition, Sjögren’s syndrome.
Types of dry skin
Exposure to dry weather, certain chemicals, hot water can cause dry skin. In addition, dry skin could result from underlying medical problems.
Dermatitis is a medical term for extremely dry skin. Some types of dermatitis are:
Contact dermatitis often develops when the skin reacts to something it comes in contact with, causing local inflammation. Irritant contact dermatitis can occur when the skin is exposed to bleach or other irritant chemicals. This condition can also develop if the skin is exposed to the substance you are allergic to, such as nickel.
On the other hand, seborrheic dermatitis happens when the skin produces a lot of oil. It causes a scaly and red rash. This type of dermatitis is very common in infants.
The next type of dermatitis is atopic dermatitis, which is also known as eczema. This chronic skin problem causes dry, flaky skin patches and is common in young children.
Other conditions such as type 2 diabetes and psoriasis can cause the skin to dry out.
How does it look like?
Dry skin is a skin that appears peeled, dehydrated, inflamed and irritated. It feels flaky, rough, sometimes itchy and painful. Severe cases of dry skin may be characterized by intense itching and redness. The skin shows a tendency to break or tear, causing deep cracks that can bleed. They are also signs of very dry skin.
When the dry skin breaks, germs can invade the skin. Once these germs get inside, they can lead to infection. Swollen, red patches on the skin can be an early sign of infection.
What are causes of dry skin?
Dry skin can occur for several reasons. You can have dry skin, of course, but even if your skin is greasy, you can sometimes get dry skin.
In general, anyone could suffer from dry skin. The skin becomes dry because it loses too much oil or water. Some people seem to be prone to dry skin. Common causes of dry skin are:
Climate: The dry climate like a desert.
Age: Older adults are prone to dry skin. As people get older, their skin pores naturally produce less oil, which increases the risk of dry skin.
History: You are likely to have allergic contact dermatitis or eczema if your medical history has these disorders or other allergic conditions.
Season: Dry skin is much more common during the winter and fall months when the humidity is low. In the summer months, the higher humidity can prevent your skin from drying out.
Bathing habits: Frequent bathing or washing with hot water increases the risk of having dry skin.
What are risk factors?
Every person could develop dry skin. However, you might be vulnerable to this condition if you:
Are over 40 years old. This risk will increase with age – over 50% of older adults suffer from dry skin.
Living in cold, dry or low-humidity climates
Do you have a job that requires the immersion of the skin in water, like hair styling and grooming.
Often swimming in chlorinated pools
When to see a doctor?
Most cases of dry skin respond positively to home remedies and lifestyle. However, you should consult your doctor if
Your skin will not get better even though you try your best
– Dry skin is associated with redness
– Itching and dryness affect your sleep
– Large areas of skin are peeling or scaly
– They have infections or open skin pores due to scratching
Olive oil, one of the most effective home remedies for dry skin, contains Vitamin E, a powerful antioxidant that protects human skin from environmental factors such as wind and sun.
The healthy fats contained in olive oil can also moisturize your skin and prevent it from drying out. It also helps to seal the moisture in the skin cells by creating a protective layer on the skin. Thanks to the anti-aging properties of olive oil, it reduces wrinkles and fine lines, one of the common problems with dry skin. You can also use olive oil to promote the new generation of skin cells, to remove damaged, dry and dead skin cells and to smooth the rough and rough structure of dry skin .
You can only use olive oil for massage or combine it with other ingredients such as honey, sugar, salt, lemon juice or shea butter. Some easy-to-use methods for you are:
Method 1: Olive oil and sugar
– Mix 2 tablespoons of olive oil with 1 tablespoon of sugar
– Apply the mixture to the skin and massage for 5-10 minutes
– Wait 15 minutes before rinsing with lukewarm water
– Repeat this routine twice or three times a week
Method 2: Olive oil and lemon juice
Lemon juice contains vitamin C, which acts as a natural antioxidant and protects the skin from free radical damage. In addition, vitamin C can increase collagen and elastin, which can hold skin cells together. With lemon juice, you also get a smooth skin, since dead and dry skin cells have been removed.
– Mix freshly squeezed lemon juice with olive oil in the ratio 1: 2
– Apply it on your face
– Massage for 5-8 minutes, wait 10 minutes or so
– Wash it off with lukewarm water
Note: Avoid sunbathing after using this recipe as it will make your skin sensitive to light.
Method 3: Olive oil and Shea butter
In shea butter, there are vitamins and fatty acids that can help to nourish and moisturize your dry skin. In addition, palmitic acid, oleic acid, stearic acid and linoleic acid in this ingredient can contain natural oils in your skin and reduce wrinkles.
– Mix unrefined, raw shea butter with olive oil in a ratio of 2: 1
– Apply the mixture to your skin, wait 20 minutes and wash it off with water
– Apply it 2-3 times a week